At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

A study on migration to the Unites States found that 67 percent of the undocumented immigrants who are living in the country migrated from Central America and Mexico.

The report was released Tuesday by the Migration Policy Institute, World Food Programme and Civic Data Design Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology also revealed that 43 percent of the immigrants have been living in the U.S. for more than 15 years.

The project shows that Mexicans make up 48 percent (5.31 million) of the 11 million undocumented immigrants population. 

Salvadorians (741,000) and Guatemalans (724,000) each represent slightly over 7 percent of the undocumented immigrants who call the U.S. home. People from Honduras make up the remainder of the two thirds, with around 4 percent of illegal migrants – 490,000 people – coming from there.

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

Migrants await to be processed along the Del Rio International Bridge in Del Rio, Texas, after crossing the Rio Grande from Ciudad Acuña, Mexico in Del Rio, Texas

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

The report also discovered people from India comprise the next largest group of illegal immigrants, with around 500,000 undocumented people in the US.  

The report comes at a time when the administration of President Joe Biden is struggling to contain the influx of migrants at the southern border – 1.7 million were   encountered by the U.S. Border Patrol from October 1, 2020 to September 30, 2021 –  while also trying to make up on its promise to provide a pathway to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants.

Biden’s Build Back Better bill that was approved last Friday by the House in a 220-113 vote includes the largest immigration reform sent to Congress in 35 years. 

Now it is up to the Senate to sign off on it and allow as many as 6.5 million undocumented immigrants who have been living in the United States to apply for work permits and authorization to travel outside the United States. 

Undocumented immigrants would be eligible to seek driver’s licenses.

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

A Cuban national walks along a road after crossing the Mexico-Texas border at the Rio Grande in Del Rio, Texas, on September 23

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

CBP data showed southern border interdictions increased in each of former President Donald Trump’s last eight full months in office, and the crisis has unraveled in President Joe Biden’s first six full months at the White House

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

A migrant steps out from under a pile of plywood that was covering the locked flatbed of a pickup truck where they were being concealed on October 29 in Sasabe, Arizona. None of the 10 migrants presented health issues

The last legislation approved by Congress to pave a way to citizenship for undocumented migrants was the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act that was signed by former President Ronald Reagan.    

The report also showed that 55 percent migrants who recently entered the Unites States illegally hired smugglers and paid $1.7 billion to do so.

‘That is an extreme amount of money,’ said Sarah Williams, an associate professor of technology at MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning, and one of the report’s authors. 

‘That $2.2 billion is all paid for by the migrants themselves, so the risks, both in terms of debt and personal risk, is borne by the migrant.’

Migrants pay smugglers $1.7BILLION a year to cross the southern border and are coming to the US to seek jobs – and not because of violence and natural disasters, major study claims 

Migrants from Central America are paying smugglers $1.7 billion a year in the hope of escaping poverty or the chance of a better job in the United States, according to a major study of migration published on Tuesday.

The project by the Migration Policy Institute, World Food Programme and the Civic Data Design Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology found that migrants were paying $2.2 billion in total. 

And 92 percent of people surveyed cited economic factors as the main driving force for wanting to leave home – rather than climate disasters, violence or food insecurity. 

The report is the latest contribution to the debate about how the U.S. should manage immigration.

The Biden administration is under intense pressure to do more. Last month, Customs and Border Protection revealed that detentions at the border had hit their highest level in 20 years.

The report found that 55 percent of the most recent migrants contracted smugglers to help them, paying out $1.7 billion a year – the biggest chunk of a total of $2.2 billion spent by people trying to find better lives.  

‘That is an extreme amount of money,’ said Sarah Williams, an associate professor of technology at MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning, and one of the report’s authors. 

‘That $2.2 billion is all paid for by the migrants themselves, so the risks, both in terms of debt and personal risk, is borne by the migrant.’

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News
, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

Economics are the most important factor in prompting people to leave El Salvador, Guatemala and El Salvador, according to the report, based on nearly 5,000 migrant-sending households and an online survey of 6,000 people

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

, At least 67% of the 11m undocumented immigrants living in US are Mexicans and Central Americans, Nzuchi Times National News

A new report by the Migration Policy Institute, World Food Programme and the Civic Data Design Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reveals that Central American migrants pay about $1.7 billion every year to smugglers in search of a better life

The report – based in interviews with nearly 5,000 migrant-sending households and an online survey of 6,000 more across El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras – found that migrants using regular channels spent an average of $4500. 

Those traveling by themselves or with a caravan spent $2900.

But using a smuggler raised the cost to about $7500. 

Even so, the data show a surge in interest in migrating. During the past two years the number of people who said there were considering migrating increased more than five-fold, from eight percent in 2019, to 43 percent this year.

However, only three percent said they were making concrete plans to leave.  

Their main reasons were economic, such as lack of money for necessities, need for a better job or working conditions.     

The pandemic has also exacerbated the push factors. The report cited a United Nations World Food Programme study that said households across all three countries had suffered income losses. 

Climate and environment, violence and family reunification were 

‘The core issue is economics, at the end of the day, and this is where policymakers need to be focusing their energy,’ said Williams. 

‘At the heart of what’s causing migration is that people don’t have enough money to provide for their basic needs.’ 

The surge in migrants arriving at the southern border has piled pressure on President Biden and his administration. 

Data published by Customs and Border Protection last month revealed that 1.7 million migrants were arrested at the border in the 2021 fiscal year.

That surpasses the previous record set in 2000 when the agency recorded 1.64 million arrests.

Biden has put Vice President Kamala Harris in charge of working with Central American nations to stem the flow, while administration critics have homed in on border security as the key. 

The Western States Sheriffs’ Association, representing 17 states, is demanding the removal of Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas over his handling of the border crisis.

It issued a declaration of ‘no confidence’ in Mayorkas, warning of a ‘complete and total breakdown’ in efforts to stop illegal crossings.

‘America’s sheriffs have watched in disbelief as the southern border has turned into an invisible line in the sand,’ the association says in a letter signed by its president, Sheriff Leo Dutton of Lewis and Clark County, Montana, and retired Sheriff James Pond, its executive director.

‘Border patrol agents have been relegated to daycare supervisors at housing units and when they do attempt to act, they are scrutinized, placed on administrative leave, and investigated for political gain.’

While highlighting the push factors of migration from Central America, the report is designed to offer governments a blueprint to address the root causes, including initiatives that are linked to economic recovery, livelihoods and food security for people who are most likely to migrate irregularly.

‘Given the repeated cyclical patterns of rising Central American migration northward, it is clearly time for a strategy that moves beyond unilateral enforcement actions to recognize not only the drivers of migration but also the nuanced contexts in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras that smart investment and community strengthening policies should address,’ said MPI President Andrew Selee.

 

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